Dr Usman Bugaje graduated in Pharmacy from Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria in 1975. He later did an MA in African Studies and a PhD in Intellectual History, both at the Institute of African and Asian Studies, University of Khartoum, Sudan. Dr Bugaje also worked with Islam in Africa Organisation (IAO) and taught at the Ahamdu Bello University, Zaria, and University of Maiduguri, Nigeria. He is a prolific writer on national and international issues, and has published in both academic and non-academic journals and other media.He is the Founding Chairman of Network for Justice – an advocacy group concerned with promoting civil education, consumer and human rights.

 He is also the convener of the Arewa Research and Development Initiative. He was also one time National Secretary of the Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN). He is now a chieftain of the All Progressive Congress APC.
Dr Bugaje was Conferred the honorary title of Commander of the Order of Civil Merit and Commander of the Order of Independent Equatorial Guinea by the President of Republic of Equatorial Guinea on 26th March 2002.